What causes Gingivitis?
Gums actually attached to the teeth at a lower point than the gum edges that we see. This forms a small space called sulcus. Food and plaque can get trapped in this space and cause a gum infection called GINGIVITIS.
Left unchecked gingivitis can cause the gums to get separated from the teeth. This can cause injury to the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth. The tooth may become loose and unstable. If the infection progresses, it leads to PERIODONTITIS. If untreated you may ultimately loose your teeth.
How do we treat you?
During your visit to us, your gums will be probed with a small instrument. It measures any pockets around your teeth. A normal depth is 1 to 3 mm. X Ray is taken to check the bone loss.
Oral Prophylaxis (scaling):
In mild cases all the soft deposits will be removed from accessible area of the teeth and the teeth polished and treated with fluorides.
In some cases the tartar and bacterial deposits are removed from the root surfaces and gingival pockets.
A surgical procedure is carried out to clean away plaque, deposits that are under the gum within periodontal pockets and on the root surfaces at the furcation (where the roots diverge). These area are inaccessible to brush and floss and inflammation will persist in these sites as long as bacteria are allowed to colonise them.
Under local anaesthesia the gum is lifted away and root surface is cleaned under direct vision to ensure that all bacteria are removed. Sometimes it is possible to treat bone loss with bone grafts. At the end of the procedure, the gums are sutured back into place around the teeth.